Kronborg Castle, Denmark: Shakespeare’s Inspiration?

While in Copenhagen, I took a train journey to Helsingør. Although only half an hour from the capital, the waterside Danish town had a different feel. Large portions of dumplings were served cheap in local cafés, the pavements bustled but didn’t burst, and the majority of its medieval streets had avoided unsympathetic restoration. 

Largely though, I was visiting to see the UNESCO-listed Kronborg castle that was once was frequented by England’s most famous playwright: Shakespeare. In fact, it’s rumoured that The Bard was so impressed by the place that it inspired one of his acclaimed plays: Hamlet.

Of course, with every history there’s conjecture. Some consider the link tenuous at best and others pay no attention at all. Rumour or fact, I liked what the story promoted: the idea that a certain space and moment in time can motivate us all to think differently, or in Shakespeare’s case, of new things entirely.

Kronborg stood in isolation under grey skies, looking back across the harbour waters at the town. Passing the modern maritime museum I walked the length of the harbour towards its foreboding walls. The approach resembled a fortress more than a comfortable royal home. Quite apt considering that King Eric VII had originally built it with his country’s protection in mind. It was over two hundred years later that King Frederic II turned it into his renaissance home.

Once through the heavy archway, I saw some familiar features: A large courtyard like that of Henry VIII’s Hampton Court, long high corridors letting in the light like Versailles and naturally, the token gift shop! As with most royal palaces, the most impressive rooms were the halls where the kings received their guests, including perhaps The Bard.


Large corridors link the royal suites where kings and queens used to eat, sleep and entertain


Sweden is just across the water from Kronborg’s green roof


Kronborg Castle at Helsingor, a short train ride from Copenhagen was inspiration for Shakespeare.

Although every room was once lived in, they seemed unusually sparse. I wondered if their hollowness was due to the destructive fire of the 17th century, or maybe the fact that the Swedes had looted the castle of its treasures not long after its rebuild. Whatever the reason, I felt a little cold.

As I explored the grounds, I learnt that after ceasing to be a royal residence in the 18th century, the castle had since returned to its original role as a protective outpost. Today, as well as giving visitors a look into Denmark’s royal past, it also provides accommodation for the Danish army.

I reluctantly admit that my favourite part of the palace was its views. A winding stone staircase within a colossal turret eventually led to the roof. From there I could see for miles across the Baltic Sea to Sweden and was able to appreciate just how close the neighbours were. I could imagine King Eric’s concern that to protect his territory, building the then-named Krogen was a mandatory task. There was also beauty in the castle’s roof itself: a brilliant green against the unpredictable sky.

Above all, my thoughts kept returning to the castle’s famous visitor. I love Shakespeare’s writing for its honesty. At the heart of all his plays is the human story that never changes, and is probably why his success has endured: Whimsical lovers, genuine fears and the very ugly truths.

And so I feel it’s only right, that I keep the side up by admitting that I wasn’t really sure what he saw in Kronborg castle. Despite each space holding a human story, I left hollow and devoid of feeling. Although maybe that’s the point, I pondered while I looked back at the castle as the sun finally came out over its ominous walls.

Maybe it was exactly that feeling that inspired Shakespeare’s tragic tale of ghosts, murder and cold, rainy nights…


Once the sun came out, the castle didn’t seem quite as foreboding!


2 thoughts on “Kronborg Castle, Denmark: Shakespeare’s Inspiration?

  1. You put that perfectly. ‘At the heart of all his plays is the human story that never changes, and is probably why his success has endured: Whimsical lovers, genuine fears and the very ugly truths.’ I may not re-read the bard over and over again, but he is wedged into the mind even with just a couple of reads. We missed out on visiting this castle when in Copenhagen and I felt quite sad about that. But the good thing is you took me there. Cheers.


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